Posts Tagged ‘constitution’

When An 8th Grade Was Better Than Today’s Ph. D.

November 29, 2012
 
 
1895 8th  grade final exam

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What it took to get an 8th grade education in 1895…

Remember when grandparents and great-grandparents stated that they only had an 8th grade education? Well, check this out. Could any of us have passed the 8th grade in 1895?

This is the eighth-grade final exam from 1895 in Salina , Kansas , USA . It was taken from the original document on file at the Smokey Valley Genealogical Society and Library in Salina , and reprinted by the  Salina Journal.


 

Grammar  (Time, one hour)
1. Give nine rules for the use of capital letters.
2. Name the parts of speech and define those that have no modifications.
3. Define verse, stanza and paragraph
4. What are the principal parts of a verb? Give principal parts of ‘lie,’ ‘play,’ and ‘run.’ 
5. Define case; illustrate each case.
6 What is punctuation? Give rules for principal marks of punctuation.
7 – 10.  Write a composition of about 150 words and show therein that you understand the practical use of the rules of grammar.

Arithmetic  (Time,1 hour 15 minutes)
1. Name and define the Fundamental Rules of Arithmetic.
2. A wagon box is 2 ft. Deep, 10 feet long, and 3 ft. Wide.  How many bushels of wheat will it hold? 
3. If a load of wheat weighs 3,942 lbs., what is it worth at 50cts/bushel, deducting 1,050 lbs? For tare?
4. District No 33 has a valuation of $35,000… What is the necessary levy to carry on a school seven months at $50 per month, and have $104 for incidentals?
5. Find the cost of 6,720 lbs. Coal at $6.00 per ton.
6. Find the interest of $512.60 for 8 months and 18 days at 7 percent.
7. What is the cost of 40 boards 12 inches wide and 16 ft…?  Long at $20 per metre?
8. Find bank discount on $300 for 90 days (no grace) at 10 percent.
9. What is the cost of a square farm at $15 per acre, the distance of which is 640 rods?
10. Write a Bank Check, a Promissory Note, and a Receipt 

U.S.   History (Time, 45 minutes)
1. Give  the epochs into which U.S. History is  divided
2. Give an account of the discovery of America by Columbus
3. Relate the causes and results of the Revolutionary War.
4. Show the territorial growth of the United States
5. Tell what you can of the history of Kansas
6.  Describe three of the most prominent battles of the Rebellion.
7. Who were the following: Morse, Whitney, Fulton, Bell, Lincoln, Penn, and Howe?
8. Name events connected with the following dates: 1607, 1620, 1800, 1849, and 1865.

Orthography (Time, one hour)
[Do we even know what this is??]
1. What is meant by the following: alphabet, phonetic, orthography, etymology, syllabication
2. What are elementary sounds? How classified?
3. What are the following, and give examples of each:  trigraph, subvocals, diphthong, cognate letters, linguals
4. Give four substitutes for caret ‘u.’ (HUH?)
5. Give two rules for spelling words with final ‘e.’ Name two exceptions under each rule.
6. Give two uses of silent letters in spelling.  Illustrate each.

7. Define the following prefixes and use in connection with a word: bi, dis-mis, pre, semi, post, non, inter, mono, sup.
8. Mark diacritically and divide into syllables the following, and name the sign that indicates the sound: card, ball, mercy, sir, odd, cell, rise, blood, fare, last.
9. Use the following correctly in sentences: cite, site, sight, fane, fain, feign, vane, vain, vein, raze, raise, rays.
10. Write 10 words frequently mispronounced and indicate pronunciation by use of diacritical marks 
and by syllabication.

Geography  (Time, one hour)
1 What is climate? Upon what does climate depend?
2. How do you account for the extremes of climate in Kansas?
3. Of what use are rivers? Of what use is the ocean?
4.  Describe the mountains of North America
5. Name and describe the following: Monrovia, Odessa, Denver, Manitoba, Hecla, Yukon, St. Helena, Juan Fernandez, Aspinwall and Orinoco
6. Name and locate the principal trade centers of the U.S. Name all the republics of Europe and give the capital of each…
8. Why is the Atlantic Coast colder than the Pacific in the same latitude?
9.  Describe the process by which the water of the ocean returns to the sources of rivers.
10.  Describe the movements of the earth. Give the inclination of the earth.

The exam took FIVE HOURS to complete. 

       

           
 
 
 My Comments:

I heard Rush Limbaugh give some of this exam’s questions—years ago. When he said, Salina, Kansas, it got my attention. My grandmother grew up in that town. She would have graduated within a few years of 1895 (I’ll have to look up her DOB.) so she would have been asked those same questions.

But. (This is BIG but!) where is the section on religion, on Christianity? Was it left out back then, or taken out of the re-presentation recently? I ask this because our moral and intellectual decline (Never all that strong in the first place!) can be marked from the loss of the family as the center of all reality for children, religious, moral, and educational. Churches and neighborhood schools were initially only helpers to parents. At first, government schools were not in the picture at all—except in Northeastern cities, and then originally under the control of local Protestant sects.

Government school consolidated systems were created in the mistaken European belief that only government could insure a decent and smart people, “good citizens and soldiers” for the state. Never mind this belief was the anti-thesis of our Founding Fathers who believed that “only a moral and educated” We The [Free] People” could ensure liberty, prosperity, and national defense. And they meant education by the society outside of government, not by government itself. That would be a contradiction, for how could a people educated by government offer any protection against the same government that always seeks to overthrow liberty?

Perhaps the greatest lack in our constitutional era thinking was in failing to see adequately that only a society organized around a unified Christianity and culture can more-or-less permanently forcefully oppose the unseemly growth of central government. Individual families and groups of families, separated by deep religious prejudices who could get along only in surface ways, and often were split into often opposing forces by demographics that proved more powerful than their religious beliefs and practices.

All of these splintering societal forces would lead the growth of Big Government’s replacing God, and our eventual sinking, intellectually, morally, and economically.

Fueled by the likes of the practical atheist Horace Mann, early government schools were forced to offer only a “one size fits all” interpretation of Christianity — dictated by the plethora of differing Protestant beliefs—and the hatred and fear of anything smacking of Catholicism.

Thus was born the wedge that eventually to would split children off from their families and churches, all but obliterating the authority and influences of each. and lead to total eradication of anything godly from today’s monopoly, consolidated government schools. But it also destroyed their intellects—and their very souls!

Thus began, in the early 1900’s the institutionalized decline of the “elitist” notion of “learning for its own sake” (Read Richard Mitchell’s 1981 book, “The Graves Of Academe.”) and the mere preparation of children to be good factory workers. The reduction of the body of leaning in even such elite schools as Harvard and Yale between WWI and WWII is well chronicled. As all organized corruptions start at the top, it must by necessity filter down, under the influence of the likes of John Dewey, to every little red schoolhouse in America—not excluding even in Salinas, Kansas.

This is why only an ENORMOUS, and grossly undeserved, miracle from God could save this nation now. There are no more, at most ten percent of the American people who really “get it.” And I am being overly generous. Our economic decline brought on by Big Government, not some kind of runaway capitalism as the Left has sold to a majority of the stupid American public, is the RESULT not the REASON for our present discomfort. We are quickly slipping into an earthly hell because of our loss of intellect and morals. Big Government that is consuming all we have built up over more than 200 years of relative economic freedom, will soon sink our already broken in half Titanic! 

It all started when, back in the 1800’s, most parents turned their children over to secular college educated “school marms”—who, by the way, were expected to live strictly moral lives—unlike today, remain single and celebate, typically living in some women-only rooming house, and would be replaced by another like-minded young woman when said teacher got interested in marriage. In cities schools already had become part of government systems in which secular education was already systematized, such attention paid to Christianity only cursory.

Any start towards reform will come after our economic collapse when the dollar is worthless, teachers won’t get paid, and in a scramble to support their own families will work for garden produce—and forced to fairly, accurately and completely teach the Bible first, as both reading primer and first history of our peoples.

If they then teach the Early Church Fathers along with Greek and Roman histories and stoic philosophies like Socrates, Plato, Aristotle and Cicero— all children will eventually become Catholic, reform the now almost completely corrupt Church and save America by re-writing and re-establishing the Declaration and Constitution! Only then can the re-building of a free and prosperous economy begin—perhaps only after a long “dark age” period in which the faith and intellect of a new, Christian and Constitutional leader class will emerge.

 

How to be a conservative

March 12, 2009

How To Be A Real Conservative

If you agree with me on all these points I will anoint you True Conservative!

A real conservative today must be anti-cultural today in somewhat the way earlier communist radicals were. They have, after all, won the hearts and minds of a majority of Americans and thoroughly polluted our institutions. Name me a major corporation or non-profit run by conservatives. I will feel much more optimistic about

We are truly “on the outs” with the world of Marxism/Liberalism that is the “Windows Vista” operating system of our day. By itself it is unsustainable but kept propped up only by huge effort by those who are still productive but cowed into submission to it.

Spheres of Human Activity

Reminiscent of Abraham Kuyper’s sovereign spheres of human activity, Michael Novak divides society into three main functions, the moral/cultural, the economic, and civil government. A conservative’s view of things would see the moral/cultural, containing as it does the family, church, school, museums and concerts as by far the largest in influence. The “cult” in cultural has to do with religion and is the heart and soul of any society. Christianity built Western civilization and was especially at the heart of the American founding. Erase Christian influence and we will be no better– perhaps worse— than Nazi Germany of Pol Pot’s Cambodia.

The economy pays for everything but has to be morally formed and restricted by the moral/cultural sphere, especially by Mom who used to teach us to play fair and be nice. In fact the economy has built today an “anti-culture” of entertainment and education that has undermined everything decent and fair.

Government in our Constitutional regime of limitations must be by far the smallest of the three and equally formed by Christianity and by Mom. Instead it has become the main anti-Christian force in America, enforcing not decency laws as it used to but reinforces Disney that brings us pornography and every form of debauchery and anti-patriotism. Indeed of hatred for political and economic freedom, of self and family responsibility, industry and playing by the rules themselves.

To put things back into proper order we must echo our Founding Fathers and all pray to the God who made us, cares for us, and will judge us in the end. Our salvation and that of others must always be at the top of everything we are devoted to. Otherwise we are no better than idolatrous liberals— who worship themselves and the government they create.

Heroism as Idolatry

It is a common error— that I have been guilty of— to think that a man who has proven excellence in one area must be wise in all others. A man who has built a successful corporation has many skills, especially people skills. Employees love him. Customers and suppliers admire and respect him. Yet he has had several failed marriages and his children hate him. An entertainer or athlete we may not expect as much of yet we, perhaps even more, expect him or her to be somehow a god so that when a Ted Danson pronounces the end of the world – people listen. Why? The man is demonstrably an idiot! Yet because his face is well known somehow this debauched race feels he has “expertise” on oceans rising and swallowing us up.

Women are particularly susceptible to idolatry, more like to vote for emotion and a “pretty face” than based on a hard evaluation of the facts. Oh, he is such a nice guy! No matter he is a baby killer! Woman’s natural need for a man to protect her— for security— often overrides what is broadly best for society in both the short term and the long term. I have had women tell me, But I can’t get beyond my individual situation! when I asked them if the policy that benefitted them in the short term was the constitutional and best way to go for society.

Women Voting — a Huge Mistake!

Women should never have been given the right to vote. My father was laughed at for saying this, but more and more people— women included— I come into contact with are starting to agree with him. If you accept traditional and commonsense view that the normal place for women is in the home, rearing children and making a pleasant place for their warrior-husbands then every vote is really a household vote. If the woman differs on the best candidate with her husband she will cancel out his vote so the net political influence of this family is — zero!

The Family Vote

The constitutional precedent for the Family Vote lies, oddly enough, in the original U. S. Constitution’s proportioning of slaves as 3/5ths persons for the purposes of assigning congressional seats. Imagine if each single man gets a vote, every married couple gets two votes — cast by the husband, plus an “extra” vote for each child in the womb and beyond until said child comes of age when he can vote on his own.

The Family— Foundation of Society

Of course, God must the True Foundation of society— but I am dealing with politics and economics here— not religion. The very manner in which this country was settled tended to weaken the family as folks spread outwards from eastern cities to far flung places on the plains, seacoasts and mountains. The Industrial Revolution, massive immigration and subsequent rise of huge cities and suburbs all weakened the family and the center of the universe for millions of Americans. The concept of neighborhood was a pretty good substitute— as far as it went.

Church and Family as Dispenser of Welfare.

The healthy family takes care of its own. Next come the Church and local volunteer groups people form to take care of the needy. Some people can never accept the “chaos” of uncentralized efforts and will look for any “emergency” as excuse to convert private charity to government “charity.” Fact is private and community— volunteer efforts did a rather good job, as chronicled by Marvin Olasky chronicled in The Tragedy of American Compassion, until shouldered aside by Big Government.

Government “Charity” is of the devil and all of it must be done away with! Altogether!

All forms of income and property redistribution are unconstitutional. Both Ninth and Tenth Amendments forbid federal government from doing anything not spelled out in the Constitution. There is nothing in there about helping the poor and victims of tragedy. If was not an oversight. As we should have seen from Katrina government involvement in emergency help always ends up being the greater tragedy. But government types are by nature incapable of learning. Their victim “clients” are always addicted to such help as comes from other people.

We cannot afford government “charity.”

All government aid always costs two or three times as much as private. Private helping institutions, not commercial, are largely run by volunteers and typically— as in the case of the Salvation Army, less than ten percent overhead. Government is nearly the opposite with, as reported, some 78 percent overhead. That means of every dollar given to the poor, government keeps 75 cents. Sweden and Denmark have both concluded that family is a whole lot cheaper than government. Welfare has bankrupted every nation that has tried it— and destroyed families in the process.

In addition to constitutional prohibition, such redistribution- by- force always violates God’s commandment against stealing.

True charity is only from Christ.

That’s right, the duty towards the poor mentioned in other places is always just that— a duty. Pagans and other religions would give alms to the poor. Kant saw duty as the highest ideal. But where’s the love? Only Christian charity is infused with real love, done first as a response to the love of God and only then as love of fellow man. Charity is seen in somewhat different light in America where “the poor you will always have with you” runs counter to our ethos of opportunity.

In a land of opportunity being poor is an aberration. Only the sick and feebleminded are “legitimately” poor. Everyone else is lazy, suffers from a weak character. For the rest of us such poor constitute a problem to be fixed. Get them off their lazy asses, you may hear. Laziness itself is a mental illness, akin to depression. Family dysfunction and breakup is both the major cause and major effect of poverty. Scan through websites of anti-poverty groups and scant mention is ever made of the failure of families to instill virtues of hard work, self sacrifice, and obeying the rules in order to do well in life. Unless, that is, they are conservative websites.

Unless freely chosen and lived for some higher purpose, like Franciscan monks, poverty in itself has no reason expect laziness. Solving family formation problems will take a long time but must start with getting government out of the poverty business. Subsidiarity, or the principle of local and small before large and national, means providing individualized solutions to small scale problems Every poverty problem is individual and family. Only the personal touch, brought with the love of Christ can help the poor get out of poverty. Then, unless government stops rewarding poverty not much will improve.

Formation of Consciousness and Conscience – “Mere creatures of the State?”

To be a real conservative you cannot support the continuation of education in America as it is currently done. Except for government and industry handling certain job training conservatives must call for radical reform that takes both government and industry out of the picture.

The North Carolina ruling also resembles a number of rulings handed down against homeschool parents in Germany, where such instruction has been banned since the years of Adolf Hitler’s rule.

As WND reported, Wolfgang Drautz, consul general for the Federal Republic of Germany, has commented previously on the issue, contending the government “has a legitimate interest in countering the rise of parallel societies that are based on religion.”

http://wnd.com/index.php?fa=PAGE.view&pageId=91397

Government Schools = Child Abuse

Why would conservatives send their kids to the enemy for training? Schools from Pre-K through PhD are run 90 percent by liberals. It should be no secret that most students lose their Christian faith in college. And their virginity. It is one thing if you just woke up to reality yesterday — and became a conservative. It is quite another for you to be spouting the conservative line for a decade or more and still be sucking at the Big Government School teat.

Real Conservatives Have Lots of Children.

I am always saddened when I hear a “conservative” young couple say they would refuse to have more than two children. More than just a religious belief being open to children is all about survival of the species. Look at the demographics. Europe, Russia, Japan — even less developed countries are beginning to experience the Population Bomb —- only not in the way of that Malthusian book of some decades ago. This population bomb is all about imploding. Where are the young to take care of the old? Where are the workers? Where are the geniuses to lead society? Dead! Killed in the Abortion Holocaust — some 50 millions to be sure, but how about the uncountable hundreds of millions prevented from entering life in the Birth Control Holocaust? Abortion after all is just birth control by other means.

Real Conservatives Are Creative — and Productive

God said to go out and populate the earth, subduing it for our use. He did not say to destroy it but cultivate, develop it for the use of expanding future generations. How much food, clothing and shelter does a so-called rain forest (Jungle!) produce? Not much. Other than a little timber it is not of much use to man. Fertile, cultivated fields and planted tree crops do a lot more. And they provide habitat for animals. The Green Revolution of the 1970’s fed the world. Now the environmentalist wackoes threaten starvation for millions by forcing the curtailment of fertilizer and genetic modifications to plants and animals that make them more productive for us. Lack of faith in God’s not letting us starve is at the root of Malthusianism, as is Marxism/Socialism — and actual Atheism. Of course, we must not trash the earth. We must be stewards and not exploiters. We must all be conservationists for future generations. Just as of course the liberals do not say anything about future generations — of mankind. They think only of animals, trees and so forth. They hate humanity and want it to disappear! Such hatred fuels distrust of man’s creative powers along with God’s provenance. We are getting more out of less stuff all of the time, yet liberals are blind to our increased efficiency.

Enough for now….

Second installment later